What is craft and paper craft? History and types of crafts.

What Is Craft & Paper Craft
Crafts image

Craft: Craft is an activity of making things by hand with involving person’s own skill. In details craft is a way of pastime or a profession that requires particular skills and knowledge of skilled work.

Some synonyms of craft is skill, ability, capability, art, talent, competence etc.

Paper craft:  paper craft is the art of making things from paper.  It is the most widely used material in arts and crafts. It lends itself to a wide range of techniques, as it can for instance be folded, cut, glued, molded, stitched, or layered.

History and Development of Crafts specially paper craft:

The word craft comes from the Middle English word for ‘strength’ or ‘skill’ derived from the Old English word “craeft” which comes from Old High German “kraft”.

Craft at first introduced in Europe during medieval times. At that time the term “Craft Guild” refers to an occupational association which typically consisted of all the artisans (and sometimes the suppliers, retailers and wholesale merchants) involved in a specific branch of industry or commerce.

East Asian Arts and Crafts
Asian art – embracing works from India, China, Korea and Japan – is noted for its mastery of different types of art. Lacquer ware, jade carving, bronzes, pottery, porcelain, Buddhist sculpture, silks and other textiles, were just some of the art forms mastered in Eastern Asia.

Paper Craft: Paper craft was first introduced in China around 100 A.D.  During the fourth century, the Chinese started to cut paper for various decorating purposes especially and embroidery patterns.  

From that time the journey continued and eventually paper crafting techniques entered into Europe and during seventeenth century paper maskers in Italy, Holland, Germany, and Switzerland were developing different regional styles. Today, paper crafting provides a simple, enjoyable hobby that can help bring charm in to your life. It can take your attention away from difficulties for a short time, give you a sense of productivity and achievement and is an excellent way to stimulate creativity. Now it is also a greatest way to pas time. Recycling materials as craft products is not only environmental friendly but also a good idea to save money too by using materials that are available and converting them into attractive items such as gifts for friends or family members.

Types of Craft

There are more than 100 types of hand crafts in the world. Among them some most popular types of crafts are given below:

Types of crafts
Textile Craft

1. Textiles
Appliqué, Crocheting, Embroidery, Felt-making, Knitting, Lace-making, Macrame, QuiltingTapestry art, Weaving.

Types of craft
Wood Crafts

 

 

 

2. Woodcraft

Wood-carving, Wood-turning, Cabinet making, Furniture making, lacquer ware.

types of craft
Paper crafts

 

 

 

3. Paper craft

Paper Modeling, Collage, Decoupage, Origami paper folding, Papier-mâché.

types of craft
Pottery and Glass Craft

 

 

 

 

 

4. Pottery and Glass Crafts 

Ceramics, Mosaic Art, Glass Bead making, Glass Blowing, Glass Etching.

types of crafts
Jewellery craft

 

 

 

 

 

5. Jewellery craft

Includes metalwork involving processes like embossing, reposes work, engraving, enameling (types include champlevé, ba   bnsse taille, cloisonné, plique-à-jour), granulation and filigree decoration. For more, see: Jewellery, History, Techniques.

6. Other Examples of Craft work

Basket weaving, beer-making, book-binding, Doll-making, Enameling, Floral design, Ikebana, Knife-making (cutler), Leather work, Metalwork, Model-making, Tattoo designing, Toy-making.

In our future posts we will learn how to make some different paper craft model easily. If you have any question regarding craft please comment below. Hope you liked this post. Like our facebook page to stay tuned.

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